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Patrick Meister, Univ. Prof. Dr.


Room Number: 2B474
Tel.: +43-1-4277-53470
Fax: +43-1-4277-9534


Research Interests:

  • Authigenic mineral formation (carbonates, silica)
  • Reaction transport modelling of non-steady state system
  • Dynamic deep biosphere evolution and reconstruction of past deep biospheres
  • Palaeo-diagenetic proxies

Current Projects:

  • Reconstructing conditions during dolomite formation in evaporative Triassic environments
  • Reconstructing the dynamic deep biosphere in organic carbon-rich sediments oft he Peru Margin
  • Simulating stable carbon isotope fractionation and transport during sulphate reduction and methanogenesis in marine sediments
  • Studying abiotic and microbial effects on carbonate crystal habit



Peer-reviewed articles


Heimhofer, U., Meister, P., Bernasconi, S.M., Ariztegui, D., Martill, D.M., Rios-Netto, A.M., and Schwark, L. (in press) Isotope and elemental geochemistry of black shale-hosted fossiliferous concretions (Early Cretaceous Santana Formation, Brazil). Sedimentology, published online: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/sed.12337/full

Kasina, M., Bock, S., Wuerdemann, H., Pudlo, D., Picard, A., Lichtschlag, A., März, C.E., Wagenknecht, L., Wehrmann, L.M. Vogt, C., and Meister, P. (2017) Mineralogical and geochemical analysis of Fe-phases in drill-cores from the Triassic Stuttgart Formation at Ketzin CO2 storage site before CO2arrival.Environmental Earth Sciences 161, 1–20. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12665-017-6460-9

Balci, N., Menekşe, M., Karagüler, N.G., Sönmez, M.S., and Meister, P. (2016) Reproducing authigenic carbonate precipitation in the hypersaline Lake Acıgöl (Turkey) with microbial cultures. Geomicrobiology Journal 33, 758–773. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01490451.2015.1099763

Reyes, C., Dellwig, O., Noriega, B., Dähnke, K., Gehre, M., Böttcher, M.E., Meister, P., and Friedrich, M. (2015) Microbial diversity in ferruginous marine sediments: A study from the Skagerrak and Bothnian Bay. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 92, 1-14. dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiw054

Wehrmann, L.M., Ockert, C., Mix, A., Gussone, N., Teichert, B.M.A., and Meister, P. (2016) Repeated occurrences of methanogenic zones, diagenetic dolomite formation and linked silicate alteration in southern Bering Sea sediments (Bowers Ridge, IODP Exp. 323 Site U1341). Deep Sea Research II 125-126, 117–132. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.09.008

Meister, P. (2015) For the deep biosphere, the present is not always the key to the past: what we can learn from the geological record. Terra Nova, Focus Article 27, 400–408. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ter.12174/abstract

Birgel, D., Meister, P., Lundberg, R., Horat, T., Bontognali, T., Bahniuk, A., Rezende, C., Vasconcelos, C., and McKenzie, J.A. (2015) Methanogenesis produces strong 13C-enrichment in stromatolites of Lagoa Salgada, Brazil: A modern analogue for Palaeo-/Neoproterozoic stromatolites? Geobiology 13, 245-266. doi:10.1111/gbi.12130

Mavromatis, V., Meister, P., Oelkers, E. (2014) Using stable Mg isotopes to distinguish dolomite formation mechanisms: a case study from the Peru Margin. Chem. Geol. 385, 84–91. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.07.019

Meister, P., Chapligin, B., Picard, A., Meyer, H., Fischer, C., Rettenwander, D., Amthauer, G., Vogt, C., and Aiello, I.W. (2014) Early diagenetic quartz formation at a deep iron oxidation front in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 137, 188–207. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2014.03.035

Meister, P. (2014) Two opposing effects of sulfate reduction on carbonate precipitation in normal marine, hypersaline, and alkaline environments: REPLY. Geology, 42, e315.

Contreras, S., Meister, P., Liu, B., Prieto-Mollar, X., Hinrichs, K.-U., Khalili, A., Ferdelman, T.G., Kuypers, M., and Jørgensen, B.B. (2013) Strong glacial-interglacial variation of sub-seafloor microbial activity on the Peruvian shelf. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., doi/10.1073/pnas.1305981110

Meister, P. (2013) Two opposing effects of sulfate reduction on calcite and dolomite precipitation in marine, hypersaline and alkaline environments. Geology 41, 499-502.

Meister, P., Liu, B., Ferdelman, T.G., Jørgensen, B.B., and Khalili, A. (2013) Control of sulphate and methane distributions in marine sediments by organic matter reactivity. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 104, 183-193.

Meister, P., McKenzie, J.A., Bernasconi, S.M., and Brack, P. (2013) Dolomite formation in the shallow seas of the Alpine Triassic. Sedimentology 60, 270-291 (Invited Review Article for a special issue on Alpine Sedimentology).

Risgaard-Petersen, N., Revil, A., Meister, P., and Nielsen, L.P. (2012) Sulphur, iron and calcium cycling associated with natural electric currents in marine sediment. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 92, 1-13.

Meister, P., Reyes, C., Beaumont, W., Rincon, M., Collins, L., Berelson, W., Stott, L., Corsetti, F., and Nealson, K.H. (2011a) Calcium- and magnesium-limited dolomite precipitation at Deep Springs Lake, California. Sedimentology 58, 1810-1830.

Meister, P., Gutjahr, M., Frank, M., Bernasconi, S., McKenzie, J.A., and Vasconcelos, C. (2011b) Dolomite formation within the methanogenic zone induced by tectonically-driven fluids in the Peru accretionary prism. Geology 39, 563-566.

Meister, P., Johnson, O., Corsetti, F., and Nealson, K.H. (2011c) Magnesium inhibition controls spherical carbonate precipitation in ultrabasic springwater (Cedars, California) and culture experiments. In: J. Reitner, N.-V. Quéric, and G. Arp (Eds) "Advances in stromatolite geobiology". Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 131, 101-121. Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg.

Meister, P., Bernasconi, S.M., Aiello, I.W., Vasconcelos, C., and McKenzie, J.A. (2009) Depth and controls of Ca-rhodochrosite precipitation in bioturbated sediments of the Eastern Equatorial Pacific, ODP Leg 201, Site 1226 and DSDP Leg 68, Site 503. Sedimentology 56, 1552-1568.

Cohen, P.A., Bradley, A., Knoll, A.H., Grotzinger, J.P., Jensen, S., Abelson, J., Hand, K., Love, G., Metz, J., McLoughlin, N., Meister, P., Shephard, R., Tice, M., and Wilson, J.P. (2009) Tubular compression fossils from the Ediacaran Nama Group, Namibia. J. Paleontology 83, 110-122.

Furrer, H., Schaltegger, U., Ovtcharova, M., and Meister, P. (2008) U-Pb zircon age of volcaniclastic layers in Middle Triassic platform carbonates of the Austroalpine Silvretta nappe (Switzerland). Swiss J. Geosci 101, 595-603.

Meister, P., Bernasconi, S., McKenzie, J.A., and Vasconcelos, C. (2008) Sea-level changes control diagenetic dolomite formation in hemipelagic sediments of the Peru Margin. Marine Geology 252, 166-173.

Meister, P., Bernasconi, S., McKenzie, J.A., Vasconcelos, C., Frank, M., Gutjahr, M., and Schrag, D. (2007) Dolomite formation in the dynamic deep biosphere: Results from the Peru Margin (ODP Leg 201). Sedimentology 54, 1007-1032.

Mauclaire, L., Zepp, K., Meister, P., and McKenzie, J.A. (2005) Direct in situ detection of cells in deep-sea sediment cores from the Peru Margin (ODP Leg 201, Site 1229), Geobiology 2, 217-223.

D’Hondt, S., Jørgensen, B.B., Miller, D.J., Batzke, A., Blake, R., Cragg, B.A., Cypionka, H., Dickens, G.R., Ferdelman, T., Hinrichs, K.-U., Holm, N., Mitterer, R., Spivak, Wang, G., A., Bekins, B., Engelen, B., Ford, K., Gettemy, G., Rutherford, S.D., Skilbeck, C.G., Aiello, I.W., , Guérin, G., House, C., Inagaki, F., Meister, P., Naehr, T., Niitsuma, S., Parkes, R.J., Schippers, A., Smith, D.C., Teske, A., Wiegel, J., Naranjo Padilla, C., and Solis Acosta, J.L. (2004). Distribution of metabolic activities in deep subseafloor sediments. Science 306, 2216-2221.


Meister, P. (2005) Linking the formation of dolomite and other early diagenetic minerals with microbial activity in deep-sea sediments: results from ODP Leg 201, Peru Margin and Eastern Equatorial Pacific. Diss. ETH Zürich 15916.

D’Hondt, S., Jørgensen, B.B., Miller, J., and ODP Leg 201 Shipboard Scientific Party (2003) Controls on microbial communities in deeply buried sediments, Eastern Equatorial Pacific and Peru Margin, Sites 1225-1231. Proc. ODP, Init. Repts., 201: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program).

Meister, P. (1999) Zur Geologie der südwestlichen Ducankette (Graubünden, Schweiz). Diploma thesis, University of Zürich.

Other scientific articles

Meister, P., McKenzie, J.A., Warthmann, R., and Vasconcelos, C., (2006) Mineralogy and petrography of Diagenetic Dolomite from the ODP Leg 201 Peru margin drill sites. , SProc. ODP, Sci. Results, 201.

Meister, P., Prokopenko, M., Skilbeck, C.G., Watson, M., and McKenzie, J.A. (2005) Data report:  compilation of total organic and inorganic carbon data from Peru margin and eastern equatorial Pacific drill sites (ODP Legs 112, 138, and 201). Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 201.

Warthmann, R., Meister, P., Weissert, H., and Hanselmann, K. (2004) Perspectives of geobiology in Switzerland - establishing a geobiology network.  GEOForum CH 19, 24-30.

Warthmann, R., Meister, P., Mauclaire, L., Chatzinotas, A., Neretin, L., Bernasconi, S., Vasconcelos, C., McKenzie, J.A., and the ODP Leg 201 Shipboard Scientific Party (2004). Search for microbial life in the deep sub-seafloor: Preliminary results from ODP Leg 201. In: Mars: The search for life. Proc. of the III European Workshop on Exo-Astrobiology, Madrid, Spain, 149-151.

Reviewed and published abstracts

Meister, P., Chapligin, B., Picard, A., Meyer, H., Fischer, C., Rettenwander, D., Amthauer, G., Vogt, C., and Aiello, I.W. (2013) Early diagenetic quartz formation at a deep iron oxidation front in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific. Accepted as abstract for the Goldschmidt Conference 2013.

Meister, P., Contreras Quintana, S., Liu, B., Khalili, A., Ferdelman, T.G., Kuypers, M., and Jørgensen, B.B. (2011) Dynamic subsurface biosphere fuelled by organic matter from the past. Mineralogical Magazine 75(3), 1450.

Wehrmann, L., März, C., Meister, P., Ockert, C., Brunner, B., Gussone, N., Teichert, B., and Ferdelman, T. (2011) Long-term development of diagenetic signals of past sulfate-methane transition zones in subseafloor sediments. Mineralogical Magazine 75(3), 2140.

Teichert, B., Meister, P., Ockert, C., and Gussone, N. (2010) Ca-Isotopes of early diagenetic dolomite and porewater from the Peru Margin. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 74(11), Supplement 1033.

Meister, P., Freund, S., Wehrmann, L., Brunner, B., and Ferdelman, T. (2009) Degree of pyritization and (δ34S-values record suboxic conditions in Eastern Equatorial Pacific sediments (ODP Site 1226). Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 73(13), Supplement 868.

Meister, P., McKenzie, J.A., Vasconcelos, C., and Ocean Drilling Program Leg 201 Shipboard Scientific Party (2002) Dolomite formation on the Peru Margin: evidence for microbial activity in the deep biosphere. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, Supplement 1506.

Mauclaire, L., Meister, P., Zepp, K., Vasconcelos, C., and McKenzie, J.A. (2002) Molecular approach to study microbial communities involved in modern dolomite formation. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, Supplement 1494.

Department for Geodynamics and Sedimentology
University of Vienna

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